In 1904 an African Pygmy, Ota Benga, was taken from the Congo by Belgium and presented to the United States as a prize exhibit for the World Fair. Eventually perceived as a type of primate, he was caged with monkeys in a New York Zoo, attracting many thousands of people.
From his cage, he learnt English. He won the heart of a suffragette, Lilly Chambers, with whom he had a daughter. He went on to become a First World War hero with the 369th Infantry Regiment, and his story was a catalyst for the creation of the Civil Rights Movement.